Author Archive: berkslancasterlebanonlink

“Not All Trauma Is the Same” – Psychology Today

Many factors explain how trauma affects survivors differently.

what is trauma

by Mellissa Withers and Kathryn Maloney

“Human trafficking survivors often have to deal with the aftermath of complex trauma for the rest of their lives. What exactly is trauma? The first thing that comes to mind might be an unusual event characterized by extreme violence or emotion, such as a terrorist attack, a natural disaster, or the unexpected death of a family member. However, trauma also applies to a much broader range of events that people can experience in their lifetimes. Trauma manifests itself in many forms. Often, trauma is not limited to a single, acute event, but rather a culmination of factors and experiences. A trauma-informed approach is one that takes into consideration the range of reactions of people who have experienced child maltreatment and abuse, intimate partner violence, and even human trafficking.

Forms of trauma can include:

  • Complex trauma versus single incidents: Complex trauma is usually prolonged trauma that occurs between people, often beginning in childhood or adolescence. Since the events often happen in secrecy, the victim may suffer in fear and silence.

Click here to continue reading this article at Psychology Today.

“Village doctor in Ukraine faces coronavirus challenge” – Associated Press

ukraine doctor“Dr. Viktoria Mahnych, walks on country road to attend to her patient near Iltsi village, Ivano-Frankivsk region of Western Ukraine, Wednesday, Jan. 6, 2021. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Maloletka)

by Mstyslav Chernov and Yuras Karmanau

“VERKHOVYNA, Ukraine (AP) — Riding a horse-drawn cart, Dr. Viktoria Mahnych trots along country roads to attend to her patients in several villages nestled in the Carpathian Mountains in western Ukraine.

“The country of 42 million has recorded more than 1.1 million confirmed COVID-19 infections and nearly 20,000 deaths. Mahnych, 30, now fears that the long holidays, during which Ukrainians frequented restaurants and other entertainment venues, attended festive parties and crowded church services, will trigger a surge in new coronavirus infections and make her job even more difficult.

“Starting Friday, Ukraine imposed a broad lockdown aimed at containing a surge in infections, but many medical workers say that the move came too late.

“The streets of Ukrainian cities swarmed with festive crowds during the holidays and thousands flocked to churches to attend Christmas services Thursday in the mostly Orthodox country without worrying about social distancing or wearing masks.”

Read this compelling article at the Associated Press, click here.

ulraine hospital

From top to bottom: “A medical worker talks with coronavirus patients in a hospital organized in the medical college in Lviv, Western Ukraine, on Monday, Jan. 4, 2021. A medical worker treats Mykhailo Kaldarar, patient with COVID-19 as his wife Oleksandra Kaldarar, left, looks at him in a hospital in Rudky, Western Ukraine, on Tuesday, Jan. 5, 2021. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Maloletka)” 

“LVIV, Ukraine (AP) — A medical college in western Ukraine has been transformed into a temporary hospital as the coronavirus inundates the Eastern European country.

“The foyer of the college in the city of Lviv holds 50 beds for COVID-19 patients, and 300 more are placed in lecture halls and auditoriums to accommodate the overflow of people seeking care at a packed emergency hospital nearby.

“The head of the hospital’s therapy division, Marta Sayko, said the college space has doubled treatment capacity. She hopes a broad lockdown ordered Friday will reduce the burden on the Ukrainian health care system.

“’Considering that now the number of cases is growing, more patients arrive in a grave condition with signs of respiratory failure,’ Sayko said.”

Click here to see the photos.



“Five myths about loneliness | The elderly aren’t the people who feel the most isolated.” – The Washington Post

loneliness“Few windows with lights on in an office building at Potsdamer Platz in Berlin, Jan. 6. Germany has extended its coronavirus lockdown until the end of the month. (Filip Singer/EPA-EFE/REX/Shutterstock)

by Noreena Herz

Lots of people are lonely these days. Months of stay-at-home orders and other limits on face-to-face contact are taking their toll. But even before the pandemic introduced us to terms like “social distancing,” loneliness was a defining condition of the 21st century: More than a fifth of U.S. adults said in a 2018 Kaiser Family Foundation survey that they ‘often’ or ‘always’ felt lonely, lacking in companionship, left out or isolated. Britain even appointed a minister for loneliness three years ago to confront the problem. Why did we become so lonely? Who is most afflicted? And what harms does it cause? Misconceptions persist around each of these questions; here are five of the most common.  

Myth No. 1 

The elderly are the loneliest generation

Click here to see all the myths about loneliness in this Washington Post article.


“If you had to pick one healthy habit for 2021, here’s your best choice” – Canadian Broadcasting Company


Numerous studies show that simply walking 30 minutes a day can have powerful health benefits

by Chad Pawson

“If you are thinking about how to get into better shape this new year, why not keep it simple with a proven health intervention that’s easy to do and proven to improve people’s health and extend their lives?

“It’s walking. And before you say “too bad it’s boring” and move on, read on a little more first.

“First of all, let’s get the benefits out of the way.

“Around 30 minutes of walking a day, whether all at one time, or in multiple sessions has been shown through studies to help people lose weight, improve their heart health, increase endurance and improve mental well-being.”

Read this article in its entirety at the CBC, click here.

Here’s a schedule of FREE Webinars being offered by the Pennsylvania Link to Aging and Disability Resources | Service Area 2 and Service Area 3.

There are openings in these upcoming FREE Webinars scheduled in other Link to Aging and Disability Resources Service Areas around the state.

In Service Area 2, CEUS are being offered for the Penn Cares Webinars (Behavior and responses, Cultural Linguistic Competency, and Dementia and Intimacy webinars) [CEUs for LSW, LPC, Marriage and Family Therapists]

There are no CEUs available for the Personality Disorders webinar.


February 16 @ 1:00 pm – Cultural & Linguistic Competency Training

March 11 @ 9:30 am – Understanding Personality Disorders Webinar  

March 23 @ – Strategies for Understanding Behavior and Applying Responses webinar

April 13 @ 10:00 am – Dementia and Intimacy Training

In Service Area 3, this Webinar Series is scheduled; registration information follows:

January 21, February 4 and 25 @ 9:30 am – Ring in 2021:Let Yourself Explore And Think DIFFERENTLY. Utilizing Key Concepts Of: Curiosity. Divergent Thinking. Freedom to Fail. 

“Poll: Most Americans plan to use telehealth after the pandemic” – MedCity News

Most Americans plans to use telehealth after the pandemic, according to a survey conducted by the Harris Poll. While most respondents were comfortable using virtual visits, they were also keen on keeping in-person visits with their doctor.


by Elise Reuter

“As many people sought out virtual visits for the first time during the Covid-19 pandemic, most plan to continue to use them in the future. Roughly 65% of people plan to continue to use telehealth after the pandemic ends, according to a survey recently conducted by The Harris Poll.

“In general, people over age 65 were more likely to favor in-person visits over telehealth, according to the survey of 2028 adults conducted between December 18 and 20.

“Early in the pandemic, telehealth visits soared as in-person visits were restricted to conserve resources. But many returned to in-person care over the summer, though telehealth use was still up significantly from before the pandemic.

“Roughly 83% of all survey respondents said they had ever used telehealth. The majority across all age groups said they were comfortable with virtual visits, especially those that had already used telehealth. But a majority of respondents also indicated that they still wanted to keep in-person appointments with their primary care physician.

“If given the option between a telehealth visit or an in-person visit, relatively few respondents (15%) said they would opt for telehealth services alone.”

Click here to read this article at MedCity News in its entirety.

“When Evictions Loom, Pets Are Also at Risk” – The New York Times

“Adoptions set a record in the U.S. early in the pandemic, but now millions of animals could be in danger of being abandoned or returned to shelters.”pandemic petsCredit … Whitney Curtis for The New York Times

When Esther Deshommes moved her family halfway across the country in June, she never considered leaving their two cats behind.

“Ms. Deshommes, 36, is a tutor; her husband is a barber. Both lost their jobs early on in the pandemic, and with savings drying up, decided to move with their three children from Rockland County, N.Y., to stay with family in St. Louis.

“But they hit a snag: Ms. Deshommes’s stepfather is allergic to Nova and Luna Bear, their two tabby cats, and pet-friendly apartments in St. Louis that were within the family’s budget of $1,100 per month were limited.

“’My 6-year-old looked at me, crying,’ said Ms. Deshommes,’and he said, “Mom, you don’t leave family behind.”‘”

“Pet adoptions reached an all-time high in the U.S. in the early months of the pandemic, with animal foster applications increasing 500 percent in some cities. Many animal shelters were cleared out completely.”

Continue reading this New York Times article, click here.




“Think Your Health Care Is Covered? Beware of the ‘Junk’ Insurance Plan” – Kaiser Health Network

junk-insurance-01(KHN Illustration/Getty Images)

by Michelle Andrews

“Looking back, Sam Bloechl knows that when the health insurance broker who was helping him find a plan asked whether he’d ever been diagnosed with a major illness, that should have been a red flag. Preexisting medical conditions don’t matter when you buy a comprehensive individual plan that complies with the Affordable Care Act. Insurers can’t turn people down or charge them more based on their medical history.

“But Bloechl, now 31, didn’t know much about health insurance. So when the broker told him a UnitedHealthcare Golden Rule plan would cover him for a year for less than his marketplace plan — “Unless you like throwing money away, this is the plan you should buy,” he recalls the agent saying — he signed up.

“That was December 2016. A month later Bloechl was diagnosed with stage 4 non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma after an MRI showed tumors on his spine.

“To Bloechl’s dismay, he soon learned that none of the expensive care he needed would be covered by his health plan. Instead of a comprehensive plan that complied with the ACA, he had purchased a bundle of four short-term plans with three-month terms that provided only limited benefits and didn’t cover preexisting conditions.”

Read this article in its entirety at Kaiser Health Network, click here.

“10 ways COVID-19 changed the world” – Live Science

“The illness has affected nearly every aspect of life.”
covid changed the world

by Rachael Rettne

The year 2020 was defined by the coronavirus pandemic, arguably the worst pandemic the world has seen in 100 years. COVID-19 has caused more than 75 million cases and 1.6 million deaths worldwide as of mid-December. The illness has affected nearly every aspect of life, from work and school to everyday activities like getting groceries, and even our wardrobes.

“Here are just some of the ways COVID-19 changed the world in 2020.

“A number of new words and phrases entered the general lexicon in 2020. We were told we need to “social distance,” or stay six feet apart, so that we could “flatten the curve,” or slow the disease’s spread in order to reduce the burden on the healthcare system. People even became familiar with relatively obscure epidemiological terms like the “basic reproduction number” (R0, pronounced R-nought), or the average number of people who catch the virus from a single infected person.”

To read this article at Live Science in its entirety, click here.

“Live Updates: January 2021 Drug Price Increases” | See the list of prescriptions – GoodRx

So far this January:

drug prices increase

by Tori Marsh

“Amidst the worst of the pandemic, drug prices continue to rise. Each year, in January and July, manufacturers raise the list price of their medications, and we predict that this year will be no different.

“Every day this January, the GoodRx Research Team will be tracking price increases for 4,594 drugs daily (3,102 brand and 1,492 generic), and updating them below, starting on December 31, 2020 and continuing throughout the month.

“For reference, last January, 639 drugs increased in price by an average of 6%, and in January 2019, 486 drugs increased in price by an average of 5.2%.

These price increases are for a drug’s list price: the official price of a drug set by the manufacturer. While many argue that the list price has little effect on patients, as it’s not the price that most pay at the pharmacy, recent GoodRx research indicates otherwise. In fact, our research shows that 95% of all list price changes have downstream effects on prices that consumers pay at the pharmacy.”

Continue reading this article (and see the prices) at, click here.