“What are the symptoms, risk factors, and treatment options, for individuals with COPD?” – All Hands Home Care
“Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) – “an umbrella term used to describe progressive lung diseases”
Examples of progressive lung diseases:
- Chronic bronchitis
- Refractory (non-reversible) asthma
Signs & Symptoms
- Increased shortness of breath when completing daily activities
- Chronic coughing
- Blueness of the lips or fingernail beds
- Producing a lot of mucus
- Tightness in chest
- Frequent respiratory infections
- Most cases are caused by inhaling pollutants (smoking and inhaling second-hand smoke)
- Fumes, dust, and chemicals in work environments can be contributing factors
- Genetics can be a factor, even if the individuals has never smoked or been exposed to lung irritants
Diagnosis – A breathing test called Spinometry can diagnose an individual with COPD.
A Spinometry measures how well the lungs are working and how severe the individual’s COPD is.
Who should get tested?
Anyone who is showing signs of any of theses symptoms are at risk for developing COPD and should get tested:
- A history of smoking
- Has had a long-term exposure to air pollutants
- Chronic cough with/without sputum
- Shortness of breath that is getting worse over time
Leaving symptoms un-managed can lead them to worsen faster than with appropriate medicine and therapy. Many adults are misdiagnosed with asthma, so an accurate diagnosis is imperative for treatment and monitoring.
- Pulmonary Rehabilitation
- This type of therapy combines education, exercise, nutrition, and counseling.
- Supplemental Oxygen (Oxygn Therapy)
- This therapy is used if breathing becomes so restricted that the body needs more oxygen.
- Some individuals have COPD so severe that breathing is difficult all of the time. In this case, doctors might suggest surgery to improve breathing.
- Palliative Care
- This will help in improving quality of life.
“Today, almost 30 million people in America are living with diabetes. Diabetes is actually a group of diseases; the most common by far is type 2 diabetes, in which the body has trouble using insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar. The older we get, the more likely we are to develop type 2 diabetes.
“Doctors know that managing diabetes in older adults can be a tricky balancing act. If a senior’s blood sugar is too high, they can suffer damage to their heart, kidneys, nerves, eyes, bones and feet. Diabetes can lead to blindness, amputations and even death. Diabetes raises the risk of stroke, and causes problems with thinking and memory by decreasing the flow of blood in the brain.
“On the other hand, if a senior is taking too much medication, this can lead to hypoglycemia — blood sugar that is too low, which can cause dizziness, loss of consciousness, confusion, personality changes and falls. So, the doctor will carefully monitor a senior’s blood sugar and adjust the dosage of medications accordingly.
“Meanwhile, the patient must constantly remember to check their blood sugar, take their medications, watch their diet … it can all seem overwhelming. And sometimes, despite following the doctor’s orders, their blood sugar numbers are still too high. The stress and anxiety can lead to ‘diabetes distress’ — defined by the American Diabetes Association as ‘a reaction to living with a stressful, complex disease that is often difficult to manage.'”
Click here to continue reading this CaringNews. com article.
“Pins making unsubstantiated claims — like that cinnamon cures arthritis and alkaline water kills cancer — have been pinned thousands of times.”
“Pinterest is where many people turn for ideas about how to be healthy. But the recipes, nutrition advice, and other colorful infographics that the site is so well-known for are rife with bad information about health and science.
“This kind of misinformation is baseless and ineffective at best, and harmful at worst — some pins, for example, make unsubstantiated claims about preventing and treating cancer — but Pinterest says that it is only a minor problem for the site.
“With little effort over the past month, BuzzFeed News found more than a dozen misleading health-related pins that were being shared widely.
“One pin, saved to about 13,000 boards, falsely claimed: ‘Even Doctors Can Not Explain This: Boiled Cinnamon And Honey Is The Cure For Many Health Problems,’ from cancer to arthritis to gallbladder infections. Another pin with a bogus claim — ‘Retired Pharmacy Chief Said: “The World Needs To Know, Alkaline Water Kills Cancer”‘ — was saved to more than 16,500 boards.”
Read this BuzzFeedNews article in its entirety, click here.
A page one article in today’s Morning Call (Allentown, PA) warns, “A nasty flu season in Australia — where flu cases more than doubled this year — could signal a bad flu season here, health experts say.”
And this STATnews article echoes that, “Flu experts see potential for a nasty winter season.”
F. A. Murphy/CDC
Click here to go to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) Flu Website.
“The makers of cancer drugs also make vials with too much medication for many patients. The excess drugs are tossed in the trash — another reason health care costs are so high.”
Gregory Matthews, who is partially blind because of glaucoma, uses eyedrops every day to preserve his remaining sight. (Matt Roth for ProPublica)
by Marshall Allen
“If you’ve ever put in an eyedrop, some of it has almost certainly spilled onto your eyelid or cheek.
“The good news is the mess doesn’t necessarily mean you missed. The bad news is that medicine you wiped off your face is wasted by design — and it’s well-known to the drug companies that make the drops.
“Eyedrops overflow our eyes because drug companies make the typical drop — from pricey glaucoma drugs to a cheap bottle of Visine — larger than a human eye can hold. Some are so large that if they were pills, every time you swallowed one, you’d toss another in the garbage.
“The waste frustrates glaucoma experts like Dr. Alan Robin, whose patients struggle to make pricey bottles of drops last. He has urged drug companies to move to smaller drops — to no avail.”
Low health literacy is extremely common, and lack of health literacy interferes with the ability of patients to understand their health conditions and their role in managing them. Please join in this Webinar as Mary Powell, PHD, CRNP, CDE discusses how teach back can be utilized as a strategy to recognize patients with low health literacy and help improve their literacy levels. Dr. Powell, who is an Associate Professor and Director of the Graduate Nursing Program at Neumann University, will describe attributes of a health literate organization and introduce the Teach Back Toolkit. Dr. Powell will also identify opportunities to use teach back to improve care transitions.
Quality Insights has announced this Webinar:
by Jane Sandwood
“What is the first thing that comes to mind when you’re depressed? You probably don’t think, ‘Hey, I should go for a run!’ This is especially true if getting motivated to do physical exercise is difficult for you. Yet, this is precisely the habit you need to get into if you want to improve your mental health. Here are six reasons why that is.
“Free Your Mind of Negativity
“Exercise will take your mind off the nonstop flood of thoughts in your head and get you out of the house. Your thoughts have the potential to turn negative when you have unstructured time. You can redirect your thinking in a more mindful and positive direction by filling your time with physical activity.”
Read this article in its entirety at the Mental Health of Lancaster County blog site.
The National Association of States United for Aging and Disabilities has created an infographic that depicts an overview of the oral health experiences of older adults and persons with disabilities. This resource highlights who is impacted, what happens as a result, why this happens, and where we can go from here. The infographic includes compelling data, such as people with disabilities forgo dental treatment due to cost nearly three times more than people without disabilities, and more than 1/3 of adults 65 years or older have lost all of their teeth.
Click on the graphic or here to download the complete infographic report including experiences of older adults and persons with disabilities.
“Young bodies may more easily rebound from long bouts of sitting, with just an hour at the gym. But research suggests physical recovery from binge TV-watching gets harder in our 50s and as we get older.” Lily Padula for NPR
“Count the number of hours you sit each day. Be honest.
“‘If you commute an hour in the morning and hour after work — that’s two hours, and if you sit at an eight-hour-a-day desk job that’s 10,’ says epidemiologist Loretta DiPietro of the Milken Institute School of Public Health at George Washington University.
“Then you come home at, say, 6 p.m., eat dinner and crash into your recliner for another three to four hours,’ says DiPietro. ‘That’s 13 to 14 hours of sitting.’
“Being immobile like that for many hours each day does more than raise the risk of a host of diseases. DiPietro and her colleagues have good evidence that, as the years wear on, it actually reduces the ability of older people to get around on foot at all.”